28th Sunday in Ordinary Time (Witness to the Gift of Life)

Our readings today speak of healing, the restoration of life, and the response that follows: giving glory to God. And it all fits well in this Respect Life Month of October. When we think of things that pertain to the Respect Life movement, we tend to think about the issues themselves. But maybe it’s more correct to think of those issues as merely symptoms of a bigger and more underlying problem: a failure to see the value of life, to see life as a gift.

If that’s true, maybe it’s because we see so much that’s wrong around us, things that have come to be that way due to the misuse or inaction of human beings. It all can make us a little sour on the human person. I remember having that mindset years ago. It wasn’t until I was in RCIA, when we were asked to consider that God chose to become one of us, and even more, to die for us. There must be something much more beautiful about the human person than I realized.

The Scriptures tell us that God had a beautiful plan for us, regardless of any way we ignore or interrupt that plan. His plan is the root and truth of who we are, the proof of our inherent dignity. More than any civil law or official declaration from any government, that’s where our true human dignity lies.

I’ve heard it said that it’s easy to see the value in people who are smart, popular, rich, or powerful. Yet how easy it is for us to overlook the value in those who are weak, dependent, and vulnerable – as in the elderly, the sick, and the dying, or any whose voice is never heard—especially one who has yet to be born. Of all these categories of people, we might be inclined to think: What’s to admire? These aren’t the ones I regard as heroes, the ones who inspire me. In fact, some would say that the weak, the dependent, the vulnerable, and even the unborn, aren’t contributing to anything meaningful, but instead using up valuable resources. But I remind us: that’s not what Jesus teaches.

I think of the beautiful words that God spoke to Jeremiah when he first called him to his prophetic vocation: “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you”. Think about what that’s saying. First of all, we hear that we were children of God before we were ever children of this world. Then God said to him, “before you were born I dedicated you”.  And some translations of the Bible use word consecrated, instead of dedicated—“I consecrated you”. To consecrate means to sanctify or make something holy by setting it apart from what is ordinary, allowing it to be used for God’s particular purpose. Like the bread and wine that will be brought to this altar, to become God’s beautiful gift of life for us, God consecrated us, before we were born into this world.

Then God said to him, “a prophet to the nations I appointed you” (1:5). And like Jeremiah, we are to be a voice of God’s truths, by how we live and what we say. And as Jesus did, we too bear to speak for the weak among us, the powerless, the voiceless. In our prophetic witness, we don’t just speak against the culture of death, but we must be a voice that proclaims in joy, the beauty of life.

If we don’t speak up, then it’s culture of death whose voice whispers in our ears and the ears of our children—telling them, as a famous Australian bioethicist, Peter Singer, said, that a newborn baby is of less value than the life of a pig.

I’ve heard it said this way: “The world says that we need abortion because women can’t find happiness or success if a baby comes between them and their plans. But Christ teaches that we need the unborn child, because no one can find happiness without learning how to sacrifice ourselves for the needs of someone else. And who teaches this lesson better than a completely helpless and dependent unborn baby? (And furthermore,) Christ teaches that we cannot be successful by sacrificing our brothers and sisters in order to get ahead.

“The world says that we need physician-assisted suicide because you lose quality of life when you are dying of a terminal illness. But Christ teaches that the best quality of life comes from accepting His love and mercy – something that is frequently easier to do when we are sick, frail, weak, and old” (healingtheculture.com).

 We must always be careful to not be quick or unfair to judge, but if everything our faith tells us about the human person is true, including our call to prophetic witness, we can’t sit silently, if we are to follow the model of Jesus.

I remind us, here in this setting, that the Mass is always a celebration of life. In this momentary withdrawal from the world as we know it, we participate in the life of heaven, and receive the gift of life from God. May the grace of this gift help us to witness to truth, to do it in authentic love and to be life-giving.

27th Sunday in Ordinary Time (What Motivates Us to Serve)

In today’s Gospel Jesus speaks to his apostles about their duty as disciples, using the analogy of a servant or a worker, doing his/her assigned labor. A good servant did what he/she was told, and there was no expectation that the master had to offer a special reward or thanks. With this in mind, Jesus said in his analogy that if we do the work God asks of us, “We are unprofitable servants…”; we are servants who are due no special credit because, “…we have done what we were obliged to do.'"

 Perhaps part of Jesus’ point is to have us consider our motivations for why we do what our Lord, our faith, asks of us—why we are good servants. So, to the extent we respond and follow is it….

  • …that we fear of hell?

  • …that we do it so that others will think highly of us?

  • …so that we can fit in with others who’ve followed his call?

The fact is, even in doing what our faith calls us to we often have a mixture of motives, some purer than others.

As Christians, as his servants, we’re asked—to serve the poor; to comfort the afflicted and sorrowful; to love our enemies; to make God the center of our lives; to purify our hearts of tendencies towards being judgmental, towards harboring anger and worry; to temper our sexual and bodily impulses; to make our lives a sacrificial gift for others; to bear our sufferings and unite them to his suffering; and more. All these things are part of Jesus’ invitation to follow him to be his servants.

But again, in our human freedom, what compels us to respond to his invitation, to do all these things? What’s our motive? Perhaps we would say that we simply want what he wants, that doing these things gradually conforms us to Jesus himself, and believing that it’s there that we will ultimately find happiness.

I once heard the Jesuit priest, Fr. Robert Spitzer, speak of what are called the 4 Levels of Happiness. They come from teachings of the great philosopher, Aristotle (D. 322). [i]

  • Level I is simple sensual gratification. Things that give us momentary happiness, such as attending a sporting event, or purchasing a new gadget—things that bring momentary pleasure or serve as an escape. It’s fairly shallow and absolutely doesn’t endure.

  • Level II of happiness can be described as ego gratification. It’s the satisfaction of being admired for a talent or personal quality. It’s also the happiness we seek in comparing ourselves to others, when we find we measure up. It motivates us to develop and expand our abilities, but is limited because in so many ways it’s merely self-focused.

  • Level III of happiness is focused beyond one’s self toward others—friends, children, spouse. It’s found in our care and compassion for them and in receiving their care. It’s beautiful, but is still limited to the things that are immediately before us, things that are finite, and thus even the best of these things can never be our ‘everything’, nor we can we be ‘everything’ for anyone else. No person can satisfy our deepest human longing. For example, we or they, will die and if our happiness is contingent upon them, it dies with them. We’re left considering, “There must be more than this”.

  • But Level IV of happiness is focused on transcendence, perfection, the pursuit of experiencing goodness, truth and beauty–things that endure. No mere human experience can provide it. Level IV happiness is experienced in perfect and unconditional love, something which cannot be found in created things, merely in and of themselves—not in one’s self or in others, not in circumstances, nor material things.

For one thing, this raises the question for us to consider: What are things in which I find my happiness? Good as they may be, is there more? But also we go back to the earlier question: Why do we do what our Lord commands us? Why do we say yes to discipleship to aspiring to be good servants? What compels us to our daily acts of kindness, and simple courtesies?

We are unprofitable servants, with nothing ultimately to gain from this world. We aspire to be good servants because our soul thirsts for something beyond this world—despite all the ways we settle for things that never satisfy. It is Him we seek and nothing else will do—the One who awaits us from this altar. Under the appearance of mere bread, within is the mystery of perfection, the transcendent and perfect love for which the deepest part of us aches.

[i] https://www.catholiceducation.org/en/religion-and-philosophy/apologetics/the-four-levels-of-happiness.html

26th Sunday in Ordinary Time (Jesus in the Eucharist, Jesus in the Poor)

This Gospel presents us a story of contrasts: a contrast between two people: the rich man and Lazarus, a person of power and the powerless beggar at the gate. But then it also presents a contrast between this world and the next. The parable begins in this world, the rich man, the poor beggar, and between them a gate.

The gate kept Lazarus out and shielded the rich man. The conclusion of this parable reveals what Jesus intended to teach: That he demands a compassionate response from us toward the needy, the marginalized. Some of us are naturally responsive to such persons. Others of us, need an unsettling reminder like this.

 Over the past five weeks I’ve spoken on the power in the Eucharist and our call to reverent worship before the mystery of God, and it may seem to have no connection to this demand and warning from Jesus. But there is for sure. As Mother Teresa said:

“Unless we believe and see Jesus in the appearance of bread on the altar, we will not be able to see him in the distressing disguise of the poor.” It’s the experience of Jesus in here, in his presence in the Eucharist, that enables us to truly see him in Lazarus out there.

But the opposite is also true: Whatever reverent worship we offer, our entering into this sacred mystery, it serves no purpose if we are not responsive to the Lazarus out there. St. John Chrysostom said it this way:

“Do you want to honor Christ’s body?.... Give him the honor prescribed in his law by giving your riches to the poor....Of what use is it to weigh down Christ’s table with golden cups, when he himself is dying of hunger? First, fill him when he is hungry; then use the means you have left to adorn his table.

Will you have a golden cup made but not give a cup of water? What is the use of providing the table with cloths woven of gold thread, and not providing Christ himself with the clothes he needs? ....

....I am not forbidding you to supply these adornments; I am urging you to provide these other things as well, and indeed to provide them first. ..... Do not, therefore, adorn the church and ignore your afflicted brother, for he is the most precious temple of all” (OOR – Saturday in the 21st Week in OT; Hom. 50:3-4: PG 58, 508-509).

Even as Catholics, we might think our reverent acts of piety as something altogether separate from our compassionate acts of service. We might regard the Eucharist before which we kneel in adoration and the many forms of human suffering that beckon us, in contrast or even in opposition to one another, as different as the Rich Man and Lazarus. But there is no separating Jesus in the Eucharist and Jesus in our response to the needy, the marginalized—they’re both Jesus, present to us.

 Bearing in mind this important connection, we must heed Jesus’ warning, characterized by the fate of the rich man in the surprise twist of fate that occurs in this parable. Beyond death, he found himself desperate for relief, in what we would simply call hell. Yet he never did anything outwardly or deliberately malicious against the poor man on the other side of the gate. Instead, it was his indifference. Jesus reminds us today—as he does throughout the Gospels—that we cannot be indifferent to the needy person before us.

We’re all busy and preoccupied with life; we’re overwhelmed by an endless range of needs; we may be put off by the political maneuverings woven into the problems regarding poverty, mental illness and immigration; we may even be hardened by charlatans who have abused our compassionate responses in the past. We can make excuses and find reasons not to respond, but Jesus today tells us there are dreadful consequences to ignoring the cries of the needy. For any and all of our excuses or reasons, we must prayerfully plead to God to help us move past our obstacles.

Our experience in here, of the glorified body of Jesus in the Eucharist, should impel us to experience him in those who are hurting, lost, struggling, mourning, hungry, naked, infirm, and lonely. Let us pray that we might seem him in all these in the coming week. Let us further pray that we’ll not only see him, but also that we’ll not be indifferent or closed-minded. And not so much done as an act born out of fear—fear of hell—but instead, the purer motive, as an act of love for Jesus who said, “Whatever you did for the least of mine, you did for me” (Matthew 25:40).

24th Sunday in Ordinary Time (Belief in the Eucharist, Part 4)

On August 18, 1996 in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, as he was distributing Holy Communion, a priest, Fr. Alejandro Pezet, was told that a consecrated communion host was left in the back of the church. He picked it up, and because it was contaminated, rather than consume it, he put it in a glass of water, then placed it in the tabernacle to allow it to dissolve. Eight days later, Fr. Pezet went to check on it to see if it had. He noticed that it didn’t dissolve, but also didn’t look like a communion host. It had morphed and seemed to have blood on it. This perplexed him, so he called the archbishop of Buenos Aires, Archbishop Jorge Bergoglio, whom we today know as Pope Francis.

Archbishop Bergoglio instructed him to have it professionally photographed. After doing so, it was returned to the tabernacle and remained there for several years, to wait and see what would happen. Nothing happened. It remained unchanged. Eventually Archbishop Bergoglio instructed that a small piece of it be sent for scientific analysis. They did not tell the doctors and scientists what it was. The study confirmed that it was muscle tissue from a human heart.

This prompted them to send another sample was sent to an expert, a forensic pathologist in New York: Dr. Frederick Zugibe, who held a Master of Science in Anatomy/Electron Microscopy from Columbia University and a PhD in Anatomy and Histochemistry from the University of Chicago. He was known worldwide for his ability to analyze the heart of a deceased person and determine the cause of death. Again, with no awareness of what it was, this expert analyzed it and Dr. Zugibe confirmed that it was tissue from a human heart, from the wall of the left ventricle, which is the part of the heart that pumps blood throughout the body.

One thing he couldn’t understand is that because it contained a large number of white blood cells, he concluded that the sample and its cells were still alive. Even more, because the white blood cells had penetrated the tissue, it indicated that the heart had been in severe stress, as if the person had been beaten severely about the chest. Dr. Zugibe asked those who had given him the sample, how it was procured and kept alive. He was stunned when they explained to him that it was a communion host from Mass.

This was not the first Eucharistic miracle. One goes back to the 8th century, the Miracle of Lanciano in Italy, and has its own amazing story. But it wasn’t until the 1970s that the host from that miracle was scientifically analyzed. The two samples were compared, and it was determined that they came from the same person. Both had type AB blood, the same as what has been found on the Shroud of Turin.

 This makes the fourth consecutive Sunday I’ve spoken about the recent study that revealed a declining faith in the True Presence in the Eucharist. I cited three prevalent causes: 1) secularism in our culture, which undoubtedly affects us; 2) poor catechesis, a lack of understanding of what of the teachings of our faith; and 3) the loss of mystery and reverence in our worship, which tends to teach us through our senses and consciousness. I offered some suggestions on how we as a Church, as a parish family, as households, can begin to correct some of our practices, habits, the ways we communicate and understand the teachings, all to nurture faith in the Eucharist. My homilies are online if you missed any of what I said.

Perhaps there’s one more thing can help us to restore lost belief: that is to better ensure that our hearts ready and I’ll cite three ways to help with that:

  • First, by acknowledging our need for God’s mercy and seeking it in regular confession. The Eucharist is not a gift we earn for good behavior, yet we recognize that we need to make our hearts ready for it. Regular confession cleanses our hearts and allows them to receive grace.

  • Second, by fasting for at least an hour before receiving (including chewing gum). This clears the way for the unique gift of grace, heavenly food.

  • Third, by taking time to pray before we begin Mass. We created the tri-fold pamphlet in your pews for this very purpose. Consider looking it over as you enter the pew before we begin Mass.

 One more thing. At last night’s Mass, as I was describing the story of the Eucharistic Miracle in Buenos Aires, I noticed a young lady—she’s in fifth grade—conveying her amazement to her mother as she heard the details—a child’s amazement. I think about how cynicism takes us over as we age—the skepticism, even as we hear the details of this miracle. And I think of Jesus’ words: “…unless you turn and become like children, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven. Whoever humbles himself like this child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 18:3-4). Let us put aside the obstinacy and hardness of our hearts. Let’s take a moment now to make our hearts ready.

23rd Sunday in Ordinary Time (Belief in the Eucharist, Part 3)

In the two most recent Sundays, I responded to the recent Pew Research survey that indicated that the majority of American Catholics do not believe that the Eucharist contains within it the True Presence of Jesus Christ, and that among Catholics 40 years and younger, that percentage drops to 20%. I also spoke about an apparent correlation, as revealed by the Pew Research survey: revealing that the majority of those who think the Eucharist is just a symbol, claimed they had no understanding of the Church’s teaching on the Eucharist: that the bread and wine are transformed through the power of the Holy Spirit to become the Body, Blood, soul and divinity of Jesus.

The Eucharist is so central to who we are as Catholics, not merely as an source of identity, but instead as our source of spiritual sustenance. And so, this lack of understanding that leads to a lack of belief is a serious problem that we must correct. Last weekend, in considering the causes, I spoke to our failure as a Church, parishes—and by extension, as families—to teach others, especially our children—that bad catechesis or no catechesis is a major cause. I remind you that my homilies are online, in case you wish to reference anything I’ve said thus far.

 In this weekend’s homily, the third part, I’ll identify and speak to another cause within the Catholic church and her parishes: it’s the loss of mystery and reverence. Some of you recall when the experience of Mass and what took place inside the parish church was very different than our current experience.

For all the good things that came with the liturgical reforms of the Second Vatican Council, it also led to some misunderstandings of what the reforms intended. Among the good things that came from it is that we came to better understand the dignity of all the faithful by virtue of their baptism. It therefore called for the faithful to assist in the offering and prayer that is the Sacrifice of the Mass. Instead of being removed from the liturgical activity, all people must be present in the entire liturgy—full, active and conscious participation.

But the unintended consequence is that the Mass came to be a rather common experience and rather casual. With it, the interior of the church buildings became stripped of art and architectural elements as not to distract us from focusing on ourselves. The music came to be more and more about us, and less about God: We Are Many Parts; We Are the Body of Christ; Gather Us In; God Has Chosen Me; As We Gather at Your Table; All Are Welcome. With the intended purpose of acknowledging our inherent dignity as sons and daughters—that God is near us and within us—it came to be disproportionately about us, and ultimately, making God and the experience in our image.

 As Catholics, we recognize that part of what feeds our intellectual understanding and even belief, is our senses, our imaginations, and human experience. The beauty and power of art and architecture inform us in ways that words and doctrine cannot. The sensory experience of music, the smoke from incense and its smell, the resting in extended silence, all feed into our imagination and by extension, our consciousness and even our belief.

And of course, our body postures help with this too: We genuflect when we pass the Tabernacle, we bow when we pass the altar, we sign ourselves when we enter the church, and all of it, the muscle memory, praying with our bodies, informing our consciousness that we are experiencing something beyond ourselves.

One more thing: While I think fellowship and enjoying each other’s company is important and absolutely necessary for a Christian community, and we must have places in the parish where we gather and can visit, maybe it’s fair to say that the idle conversation and activity that goes on inside here before and after Mass, undermines, in our subconscious, the sacredness of this space and what takes place within it. I know for sure, that there are people who want to pray before or after Mass and find it difficult when idle chatter is going on.

 In all this, I’m not suggesting that we need to go back to the experience of the 1950s or that we should not feel at ease here. But too often, what got sacrificed and was lost over time was the sense of mystery, transcendence and reverence. We domesticated the Eucharist and in our consciousness, rendered it ordinary bread. We’ve needed to recover some of what was lost.

Believe it or not—the elements that engage our imagination, our senses, our experience—in our liturgy, but also in the space itself—it all feeds into our regard for and understanding of the Eucharist, because the Eucharist is mystery and this is the one place where we come to encounter it and receive it. While rejoicing in our inherent dignity, let us temper it with humility, recognizing that we are in God’s house and in the presence of something beautiful, powerful, something beyond us and worthy of our adoration, and yet given freely to us.

22nd Sunday in Ordinary Time (Belief in the Eucharist, Part 2)

Last weekend I referenced the recent study conducted by the Pew Research Center, in which nearly 11,000 Catholics were asked about whether they believe that in the Eucharist, Jesus is truly present. Only 31% said yes. I mentioned another recent survey indicating that among Catholics 40 years and younger, it’s only 20%.

Our belief in the Eucharist is no trivial matter for us as Catholics: It’s the gift Jesus gave us, to be our source of daily sustenance, and so much more. So, what or who is the cause in this trajectory toward unbelief? There are multiple causes. Continuing to address this topic, I remind you that my homilies are posted on our parish website.

 So again, the causes: For sure, part of the cause is the secularization of American society. The figures that we’ve come to call the New Atheists have made great inroads in planting the seeds of skepticism and disbelief about whether there’s a God at all. There’s no doubt that’s part of the problem.

That brings me to our second cause: it’s our ‘catechesis’, our passing on and teaching of the faith. Among the principle things we are called to do as Christian people is to care for the poor; second, we are to worship our God, to be people of prayer; but third, we are to know and share the teachings of our faith.

It’s worth pointing out that the survey also asked Catholics if they understand what the Church teaches about the Eucharist, that bread and wine become the Body and Blood of Jesus. The responses showed a correlation, in that the majority of those who think the Eucharist is just a symbol, and not Jesus’ True Presence, are not aware of Church teaching on it.

 Too many of us are woefully uninformed, and therefore we can’t begin to share what we ourselves do not have, whether to our own children or anyone else. Ask yourself: Since the start of 2019, how much time have I devoted to learning about my faith?

Some of you remember when Catholics learned from the Baltimore Catechism. Often, people critique that it was merely memorization and regurgitation of formulated questions and answers, that didn’t lead to a living interior faith; that it was all in the head, and not in the heart.

But then we shifted to a style of learning that I’ve sometimes heard characterized as having been reduced to making banners out of felt with cutouts of peace-doves and letters that say things like, “God loves me”. I’ve heard some people say, “That was pretty much the extent of my Catholic faith formation after we threw away the Baltimore Catechism”.

Perhaps it can be fairly stated that our catechetical method went from being overly structured to having no structure. The fallout, as some have proposed, is that we have a couple generations of Catholics who never were taught the faith and therefore have no ability to articulate it or share it with the next generation.

To counter this problem, what is increasingly being emphasized is whole-family catechesis. The practice of parents simply dropping off their children and heading off to run errands is something we’re increasingly moving away from. It’s absolutely best if parents learn with the children, preferably learning the same material as the child, but taught at an adult level.

With our parish’s limited facilities, it’s not easy, but our Pastoral Assistants for Faith Formation—Amy, Jill and Carlie—are working together to help provide more of this. Therefore, the parents of Confirmation youth are required to attend some classes. As are parents of First Communion parents. As are parents of Children’s Faith Formation. I haven’t figured out how to do it, but I’d also like some faith formation for parents of our parish school. If parents do not invest themselves in learning and show it’s important, there will be no faith in the life of the family, the domestic church, and the faith will not take root in the children.

You can imagine that sometimes people will decide and then wonder: “Okay, I want to learn about my faith, so what’s a good resource?” I remind you that for the past four years, we subscribe to a service called formed.org—at a cost of $2000 annually. Through your computer, smart TV or mobile devices, you can access educational programs, audio lectures, movies, e-books, etc. It’s amazing and available to you at no cost.

Having stressed the importance of coming to know and therefore share the faith, I realize that belief in Jesus’ True Presence in the Eucharist is more than merely an intellectual endeavor—it requires faith in something beyond natural human reason. But, there’s no question: The more one comes to know their faith and engage it in their consciousness—whether you have children or not—it provides a platform to nurture belief.

I’ll continue next week, addressing another prevalent cause. Along with serving the poor, and worshiping our God, if we don’t engage and learn, the fires of our faith will cool, and the gift of the Eucharist—Jesus’ very gift of himself—will be evermore lost on us.

21st Sunday in Ordinary Time (Belief in the Eucharist, Part 1)

This weekend presents us with yet another challenging Gospel reading. In his long journey toward Jerusalem, Jesus responds to the question of how many people will be ‘saved’. He says “Strive to enter the narrow gate”, inferring that his way is the harder way. But then Jesus offers a parable, describing a time to come, when the master of the house has locked the door, and suddenly everyone wants in. They knock, pleading: “Lord, open the door for us….We ate and drank in your company”. To which he responds, I don’t know where you are from….Depart from me!

It makes me think of a recent survey conducted by the Pew Research Center[i], who on August 5th released results of the survey given to nearly 11,000 Americans who self-identify as Catholic, asking whether they believe that the Eucharist is the True Presence of Jesus or instead, merely a symbol—in other words, just bread and wine.

The results indicated that only 31% of Catholics believe in the True Presence, while 69% regard it as a symbol. It’s not clear if participants represented all parts of the U.S., nor is it clear if those polled were practicing Catholics.

The survey also asked those who participated if they know the Church’s teaching about the Eucharist and transubstantiation. I also learned recently that among Catholics 40 years of age and under, the number of those who believe in the Eucharist is only 20%, which seems to indicate that unbelief is a growing trend. And probably most of us would surmise that if this poll had been conducted 50 years ago, we would have seen a higher percentage of those who believe in Jesus’ True Presence in the Eucharist.

 So, lest there be any doubt among us here, let’s say it, that as Jesus declared, “My flesh is true food, my blood is true drink” (Jn 6:55), and as was echoed by St. Paul (1 Cor 10:16) and the early teachers of the faith, such as Ignatius of Antioch and Justyn the Martyr; and further echoed by the witness of Christian martyrs who died for this belief—let us state clearly what we believe: The Eucharist 1) is a primary source of our communion; 2) it is the sacrificial memorial of Jesus’ Paschal Mystery; 3) it is "the body and blood, together with the soul and divinity, of (Jesus)….truly, really, and substantially contained" (CCC, 1374).

 But considering the result of the Pew Survey—that so many Catholics don’t know the teaching on the Eucharist, and that ever-more Catholics don’t believe what is taught, we might ask: Does it really matter? After all, I try to be a good person. I don’t wish or cause harm to anyone or break society’s laws. So, does it really matter? Even more, one might wonder that since it’s not part of the Creed, maybe belief in the True Presence isn’t central to the practice of our Christian faith. Again, does it matter? A second question we might ask is: What or who is to blame for this trend toward unbelief?

Regarding the first question, it does matter—gravely so. And as for what caused this trend, there’s no single cause. In the coming weeks—because there’s more to say on all this than can be expressed in a single homily—I plan to make this the first of what will be either two or three parts. For anyone who’s not able to hear any particular part, my homilies are available on our parish website.

 For each one of us here and now, regardless of how strong or not our belief, I suspect….

  1. that there’s some place deep within us that realizes there’s more to all this than is visible to the eye and grasped by human reason;

  2. that there’s something, someone who created all this, that even the most advanced sciences do not fully understand;

  3. that some part of us knows there’s more to us than just our bodies and our consciousness;

  4. that everyone of us wants and thirsts for something more than we currently know, have and experience, evidenced by the fact that we’re never entirely satisfied in this life;

  5. that each of us wants there to be something more, something better beyond this life, and;

  6. that none of us has a clue how much we are loved.

With all this in mind—in any way these six assertions are true—I further believe that none of us wants to find ourselves on the other side of death hearing God say to us: You had a chance to know me. I made myself known to you, you ate and you drank….and even more, you had a chance to help your children to know me, but you made other things a priority…..I don’t know you….Depart from me! For all the ways that the Eucharist requires belief, let’s start by exercising our desire to believe, to know the God who comes to us, who makes Himself known to us, truly alive and present in the Eucharist.

[i] https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/08/05/transubstantiation-eucharist-u-s-catholics/

19th Sunday in Ordinary Time (What is Faith)

Do you have faith?

I suspect that most of us would say we do—perhaps without even thinking about it. But what exactly do we mean, when we say we have faith?

Today’s reading from the Letter to the Hebrews offers a definition: it says, “Faith is the realization of what is hoped for and evidence of things not seen.” In this way, faith is unlike what we tend to associate with science, which is generally thought of as being built only upon things that are experienced or measurable. But let’s be clear, science makes its own assumptions on the permanence and uniformity of laws of nature. Even science takes a leap of faith on matters that it can’t prove.

And so the basis of our faith—that there is a God who always was, who made us in His image, who loves us, is with us, and has a beautiful plan for us—none of it can be proven or disproven scientifically.

Again, “Faith is the realization of what is hoped for and evidence of things not seen.” We can understand that also to mean that we continue to believe in God’s promises for good things, even when we don’t see them brought to fulfillment. I think of so many saints who were faithful to what God was calling them to do, even if they never came to experience the fruits of their faithfulness in their lifetime. That’s faith. 

But another way I like to answer question of ‘What is faith?’ is by using the two-fold answer our catechism provides: it says faith is a gift, and a response (CCC, Glossary).

As St. Paul once said, “By grace you have been saved through faith, and this is not from you; it is the gift of God” (Eph 2:8). I remember an acquaintance once saying to me, “I wasn’t given the gift of faith”. I don’t agree with that. We’ve all received the gift, it’s just that some don’t bother to open it, perhaps because they’ve got too much other stuff that satisfies.

Or there are those who realize that the gift of faith requires work to understand it. It’s as though they unwrap the gift partially, not wanting to put the work into exploring it. Perhaps it would be like giving you a puzzle, that if you took the time to put it together, it would tell you I love you and why I do. Too many of us don’t bother opening the gift and thus we never advance beyond a First Communion level of understanding the faith: which tends to be shallow and lacking in meaning to us when we move into adulthood.

But our catechism says it’s also a response. Specifically, it says that the response involves the assent of one’s will and giving one’s self over to that mysterious and demanding gift. That’s why the Letter to the Hebrews speaks of Abraham. At some point, out of thin-air, God, previously unknown to him, spoke to him, and told him leave his home, to follow God’s promptings, and to trust that something good would come from it. That’s faith as a response.

Perhaps it can be said that one’s unwillingness to even unwrap the gift faith and to understand it, is itself a response. I think of faith as like a muscle: if you don’t use a muscle or feed it with nutrients, it will atrophy, it wastes away. So how do we strengthen faith, utilize it, and feed it? I’ll suggest five ways:

First, through prayer. Prayer is the way we connect with the One who is the source of our faith. Spend a few minutes talking to God every day. Make a holy hour each week. I have a hard time believing there is anyone here who can’t give an hour every week to come sit in the church and simply read, pray and be present with our Lord.

Secondly, feed your faith through the grace of the sacraments: particularly confession and the Eucharist. Come to daily Mass once a week. And make a sacramental confession at least quarterly throughout the year. Don’t let pride and fear keep you from the beautiful graces that will feed your faith.

Third, feed your faith through your consciousness. We can’t live on a diet of only what TV, YouTube and Instagram offer. Spend at least a few minutes every day either with spiritual reading or maybe listening to something that helps us you to better understand your faith: Sacred Heart radio, Formed.org, etc.

Fourth, have at least one person in your life regularly who models faithfulness or helps you to become a better Christian. Stay close to and keep before you, holy people.

Fifth, live like Jesus in the way you can. Bringing love and healing to the brokenness around you. Seek the Father’s will and live it out courageously, in humility, in simplicity.

Brothers and sisters, all these things are available to you at no cost. So, will you feed your faith or will it simply remain stuck or even worse, waste away? We are body and soul, so, while you may be physically healthy, you may be dying spiritually.

Faith is a gift to you, but it demands a response. In just a moment, as our God becomes present to us from this altar, it’s up to us to respond from within. Come forward as a true act of faith; respond and desire to receive the grace to strengthen that faith.

18th Sunday in Ordinary Time (Vanity of Vanities)

Today we hear from the Book of Ecclesiastes. It’s the only Sunday of our 3-year cycle that we hear from this book. The Hebrew name for this book is Koheleth, a Hebrew word that means “one who gathers or assembles”. The Greek translation of Koheleth is Ecclesiastes, and it’s from that word that we have the word ecclesia or its Germanic equivalent church, meaning “assembly” or “gathering”.

The book begins with the words: “The words of David’s son, Qoheleth, king in Jerusalem”. Long standing tradition holds that this book is possibly written by, or more likely, about Solomon, David’s son and king of Jerusalem. It’s believed to be about him, at the end of his days, asking questions about life and reflecting on how he has lived.

In the early part of his life, Solomon is said to have been a virtuous and wise man, a king. He brought peace to the people of Israel and built the Temple in Jerusalem. It started off well but went downhill. He ended up being led astray and making horrible decisions, becoming a man of many gods and many wives, a man who sought wealth and his own glory. He never recovered.

 Jesus’ parable in the Gospel seems to speak of Solomon, even if he doesn’t refer to him by name: a rich man, who had so much that he didn’t know how to account for it all, aspiring only to rest, eat, drink and be merry. And as the end of the parable, the man proved to be rich, but not in what matters to God.

In Ecclesiastes he looks back on his life, wondering what happened. It’s clear that he feels far from God; that God is distant and removed. He laments that there’s little security in life, and that the world is harsh. He also makes it clear that death is not only a dreaded end, but inevitable.

Vanity of vanities! All things are vanity!” he declares. Vanity is a translation of the Hebrew word hevel, and in this context refers to something like breath or wind: something that is there, one moment, and simply dissipates right before us….suddenly gone…..like life. Qoheleth, at the end of his life, is a man of little cheer, exploring the questions that lie in every human heart.

I suspect some of us can relate. Too many of us busy ourselves and fill our lives with so much of what we’re convinced is important and even necessary: things to sate our various appetites, giving ourselves over to shallow relationships that we tell ourselves make us feel loved and needed. There’s no shortage of it all. The only thing in short supply is time.

Who doesn’t, in the quiet moments, wish that things were a little simpler, quieter, and that we could catch up? But also, who of us really feels fulfilled and satisfied, that all our needs and desires are met? Who of us is content that we’re investing ourselves adequately in our relationships and in turn, being loved as we want? There’s always more beyond our grasp, and we tell ourselves that if we can get that elusive ‘next thing’, that it will satisfy what’s lacking. And yet it proves not to be true. There’s always more and we remain hungry. In fact, for too many of us, this restless pursuit leaves us with a fundamental unhappiness, emptiness, and too often, despair. “Vanity of vanities! All things are vanity!”

An anonymous author once wrote:

First I was dying to finish high school and start college.

And then I was dying to finish college and start working.

And then I was dying for my children to grow old enough for school, so I could return to work.

And then I was dying to retire.

And I am dying….and suddenly I realize

I forgot to live.

So how do we avoid coming to such an end? I guess the way I see it, ultimately, God has entrusted each of us with just a few things that are important above all others. Aside from our souls and our health, there’s our relationship with Him, our families and a few truly trusted friends. Those are the things that make us rich in what matters to God. Yes, life demands other responsibilities from us—paying bills, going to work, staying caught up on social media and fantasy football—but they’re not of primary importance, despite what we might be made to believe.

What—or perhaps better, who—is it, the two or three things, that are most important in your life? What/who makes you rich in what matters to God? At the end of our fragile and unpredictable lives, if we are to look back, like Qoheleth/Solomon, I suspect we’ll either feel satisfaction or emptiness, to the degree we either nurture or neglect these blessings. In this Mass, this act of thanksgiving, let us acknowledge in our hearts and give thanks to God for the what/who that makes us truly rich.

16th Sunday in Ordinary Time (Martha + Mary)

Today’s reading tells us that Jesus entered the village of Bethany, and accepted an invitation from friends, Martha and her sister Mary, to stop for a visit. In the midst of their time together, one sister, Martha, is described as being “burdened with much serving”, while her sister, Mary, has simply parked herself on the floor with Jesus. Having had enough, Martha interrupted what was going on and asked Jesus to intercede: “Tell her to help me”.

The differences between these two sisters—Martha the busy-body and Mary the mesmerized listener—has been understood through the centuries, as the contrast of two states of religious life: the active Christian and the contemplative Christian. And Jesus’ response about Mary having “chosen the better part” has left many to draw the conclusion that he’s declaring the contemplative life to be superior. Instead, I propose a different way of looking at this narrative: both sisters are doing something important—one is serving and one is listening—but only one is doing what Jesus needs in the moment: and ironically, it’s the one who is doing seemingly nothing.

We might ask: How is sitting on the floor useful? And how can that be what Jesus needed? Martha’s getting a lot done—preparing a meal and serving it—isn’t that more likely to serve a need? Especially given that we are of a culture where quantifiable results and productivity are so valued. Our American identity is built upon what is called the Protestant Work Ethic, which holds that one fulfills his/her duty to God by hard work and indicators of measurable success. We tend to be do-ers. It’s in our American blood. Sitting and listening, as did Mary, is not a measurable activity, if it’s to be considered activity at all.

Perhaps the context within this reading helps. As we move week to week through the Gospel of Luke, we are now in chapter 10. It was three weeks ago that we heard the verse that declares: “Jesus resolutely determined to journey to Jerusalem” (Lk 9:51, 13th Sunday in OT). That verse begins a long section, chapters 9 through 19, in which Jesus makes a long, slow, southward journey toward Jerusalem, where rejection, public humiliation and certain death on a cross await him.

And so, as he stopped along the way to visit and share a meal with Martha and Mary, he knew all that awaited him in the holy city. He knew that he would not be returning to Bethany and that this would be the last time to visit them in their home.

In a situation like this, one is less likely to need a person bustling about, fulfilling tasks, but instead to be with friends, to be close and to be present. And it’s Mary who seemed to know what was needed. We have no idea what Jesus said to her, but only that he spoke, and that she was attentive and present.

Mary reminds us today that so often what people need is not for something to be done, but that they need us to be present. That’s not easy for people whose first response is typically to try to fix the problem or to simply be do-ers. I remember learning this (and I’m still learning it.), serving as a chaplain at Swedish Medical Center in Seattle. I learned that so much of pastoral ministry, dealing with the inner workings of another person’s heart, is simply listening, being attentive and being present. I had to learn to just shut my trap and listen and to love the person before me. I had to resist the temptation to seek how to fix their problem, because in almost every case, their problems were beyond my fixing.

The other trap we can fall into with people in crises of the heart is to retreat. I remember as a young man being uncomfortable being around someone who was dealing with death, failing health, or depression. I didn’t know what to say or do and so I tried to escape the situation altogether. Who knows, maybe that’s what Martha was doing by being a busy-body.

The fact is that like Martha and Mary, part of our lives is dealing with people who are facing difficulties: their crises of the heart. There’s a time to attend to practical needs, like Martha. And there’s a time to be just be present, like Mary.

Here, in this Mass, let us look to Mary as a model: the one who listened attentively to the Word of God. She listened to the pain of Christ and loved him. In a few minutes, Jesus as our High Priest, will speak to us, saying “This is my Body and Blood…broken, blessed and given up for you….it is my covenant with you….my gift of love to you”. As he did with Martha and Mary, he shares a meal with us, he visits us, here in our home. Like Mary, let us be present to him, at his feet, listening attentively and loving him.

15th Sunday in Ordinary Time (Radical Mercy - The Good Samaritan)

The Parable of the Good Samaritan is one of the most beloved, but also challenging of parables. Jesus offered it in response to a fellow Jew, a scholar of the Law, asking,“What must I do to inherit eternal life?”, then eventually, “Who is my neighbor?” . It was test, asking Jesus to clarify who we are obliged to show God’s mercy toward.

Of the three figures who passed by the victim, the first two—a Temple priest and a Jew from the tribe of Levi—while we regard them as uncompassionate, they were in a dilemma. As strict followers of Jewish Law, contact with blood would have rendered them unclean, and so they gave a wide berth in passing the victim.

Jesus’ response calls us to see mercy as an ultimate value: challenging the philosophical and moral framework that ordinarily shapes our responses. And furthermore, because Jesus adds the detail that it’s a foreigner who embodies this radical mercy, it seems to convey that mercy extends beyond those who are my people, my fellow citizens, those of my religion?  

Of the many saints and historical figures who have shown us what this mercy looks like, among those is Peter Claver, born in 1581 near Barcelona, Spain. After joining the Jesuits at age 20, he was sent to the new world, to the port-city of Cartagena. Peter went to evangelize, but soon came face to face with a troubling reality, as ships arrived in the port, filled with African slaves—men, women and children.

As ships arrived, he found his way to the cargo area, treating wounds, giving food and drink, quelling their fears. For this, he faced contempt and rejection. After 40 tireless years of merciful love, Peter contracted an illness from a widespread epidemic. The illness left him unable to continue his work. For the remaining 3 years of his life, most of his days were spent in sickness and alone in his private quarters, where he died in the year 1654.

Then there’s Katharine Drexel, born in Philadelphia in 1858. As daughter of a successful investment banker, Katharine and her sisters inherited a fortune. She also inherited her father’s compassion for the poor. While much work was being done to respond to the needs of the population of European immigrants, Katharine recognized that there were two other groups in the U.S. whose needs were being ignored: Indians and blacks.

After establishing a religious community, Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament, she poured every drop of her financial resources, influence and energies into establishing missions and schools to serve these two marginalized groups—traveling from one outpost to another to another. Many denounced her efforts, declaring that she was wasting her time and money on an unworthy population, but she remained undeterred. Mother Drexel died in 1955 at age 97, having lived through eras that included slavery, wars waged against the Native Americans and the beginning of the civil rights movement.  

Finally, Joseph de Veuster, born in 1840 in Belgium, entered religious life and took the name Damian. In 1864, he was sent to the distant group of islands known as the Kingdom of Hawaii. Years later, when the local bishop asked his priests to volunteer to serve the needs of the leper population that had been segregated to the island of Molokai, a small group of priests said yes, with the plan that they would serve in rotation. Fr. Damian went first, and began to bring order to the chaos, making furniture, building a school and homes, farming, but also caring for the sick, making coffins and digging graves. As it turned out, he never left the island. After about 11 years, he contracted the illness that would eventually end his life in 1889, declaring, “….I make myself a leper with the lepers to gain all to Jesus Christ”. 

The list of such figures goes on: Blessed Pier Giorgio Frassati, Mother Teresa, and so on. I can’t imagine that the course of these beautiful lives wasn’t inspired, at least a little, by the Parable of the Good Samaritan. While you and I aren’t likely to live as heroically as these figures—though only God knows—we are challenged to embody God’s mercy in the setting of our ordinary lives. We’re challenged to overcome the myriad of reasons that serve as our excuses and justify our fears.

When Cain asked, “Am I my brother’s keeper?”, God response inferred it so. (Gen 4:9-12). But even more, Jesus makes it clear that in our acts of mercy to those who are suffering, it’s him we encounter: “Whatever you did for one of these least brothers of mine, you did for me” (Mt 5:40).

At the end of our lives, may we not be regarded merely as people of principles—though the principles serve a purpose, and we must not be reckless in discounting or abandoning those. But more than principled, may we be sons and daughters, driven to grind through the hard questions and to find solutions to the dumbfounding complexities and even the legalities, in any way they serve as barriers to justice and human dignity—all that the world may know God’s tender mercy. As we have received mercy, we must reflect it in our lives.

St. Peter Claver….pray for us!

St. Katharine Drexel….pray for us!

St. Damian of Molokai….pray for us!

14th Sunday in Ordinary Time (The Influence of Atheism)

In light of today’s Gospel in which Jesus sends out 72 of his followers, laborers for the Kingdom of God, it calls to mind the very notion of evangelization. What is evangelization? It’s sharing the faith with others, inviting them into what it has to offer.

That’s not an easy thing to do and even for those of us who are alive in the faith, most of us are at a loss on how to share it without it backfiring. Of course, too many Christians have never really come to life in the faith, and so they don’t really know how to share it.

But I was thinking about how hard it is in our current culture, especially given that we are experiencing the opposite of what evangelization is intended to do. If evangelization is the compelling invitation that draws more people into the faith, we live in a culture where the religious population is shrinking. What’s causing this effect? We could cite church scandals, bishops who have lost our trust, and priests who have done people harm; maybe it’s bad preaching or unfriendly parishioners. Maybe it’s uninspired worship.

There are all sorts of things that may be a reason for one person or another, but one of the reasons is the framework of understanding that’s been gradually constructed in the minds of our youth. Too many of them are leaving the faith. Perhaps it’s for the reasons I just cited, or maybe because the faith was never shown to be meaningful by their parents. But a lot of it has to do with what they are taught in institutions of learning.

Those of you who attended the parish mission with Dr. John Bergsma back in March, recall what he explained about those with atheistic agendas in the field of science—and how many of our institutions of learning are filled with those whose aim is to ‘evangelize’ atheism. Among the more familiar names of this movement are Christopher Hitchens, Richard Dawkins, and Sam Harris. Not merely taking the passive approach of live and let live, their aim is to put an end to religious structures. Like the 72 Jesus sent out, their disciples are waiting to form the minds and hearts of your children in our high schools, colleges and universities.

What’s their motivation? One reason is that life seems easier if you choose to do away with God. You get to be your own god, and it feels liberating. But also, some see religious dogma as the cause of wars, hatred and genocide. While it’s true that many have killed in the name of religion, that’s never been what Christianity teaches. Even more, I would argue that wars, hatred and genocide would remain even without religion. Perhaps you recall also all that Dr. Bergsma explained to us that refutes the arguments of atheists, and furthermore, all the compelling evidence he cited for a supreme being.

The voices of the atheists are influencing too many of our young people. Why are they succeeding? I think largely because they seem to be rooted in science and logic. It feels intellectually grounded, in contrast to what we are told are the primitive myths of religion.

To be clear, while there’s no proving to them God’s existence, neither can they prove their claim that there is no God. And for whatever way their claims seem solidly rooted in science, they ultimately have no answers for any original causes, nor for the human desire for transcendence. And here’s the thing: they cast away the idea of God, but what one is left with is a soul that is restless and thirsting for meaning.

As we do away with God, and religion as a means to draw us to him, are we a happier society? Are people at greater peace in their minds and hearts? Does it help us to love ourselves more? I think not. Instead, as a population we are increasingly lost, relying more than ever on upon what our psychiatrists and psychologists can provide and prescribe, to mask the emptiness, and to help give us a will to live, when too many of us don’t want to. The empirical findings and sciences of sociology seem to indicate that when we do away with God, we’re left rootless and lost.

Brothers and sisters, not only is very strong evidence of a supreme being, but even more, He is a personal God—not just some life-force in the background of the universe, observing us remotely. Today’s words from Isaiah speak of God who is tender and nurturing, speaking in words altogether maternal, like a mother caring for and taking delight in her baby—even if we’re a bunch of messed-up babies. The fact is—God loves you like you’re His little one—even if you don’t know it, can’t feel it or don’t care. That love is the notion of God that Jesus sent the 72 to proclaim and that’s the God he still invites us to know and to rest in.

13th Sunday in Ordinary Time (Freedom)

This week we will celebrate our beloved nation’s birth. One of the absolute bedrock values that our nation is built upon is freedom. It’s part of our American identity. But what do we mean by freedom? We might say that it’s freedom from the rule of a tyrant or dictator or freedom to worship God as we choose. Perhaps it’s freedom that comes from citizens electing their own representatives to create laws and regulations that serve them according to their needs. We cherish this freedom and we would cease to be American without it. In the coming days, many of our nation’s citizens will regale their great love of freedom by consuming copious amounts of adult beverages and over the course of six or seven days, blasting illegal fireworks, one after another…after another…and another, at all hours of the day.

Our Scriptures also speak a lot about freedom, but it’s a different understanding of freedom than we associate with nationalism. Today, we heard St. Paul’s words to the Christians of Galatia, saying, “For freedom Christ set us free; so stand firm and do not submit again to the yoke of slavery. For you were called for freedom, brothers and sisters.”

Paul wrote these words, sometime around the year 50 AD, to a rather new Christian community in a region known as Galatia, in present-day Turkey. These new Christians were mostly of Gentile origin, meaning that they weren’t of Jewish heritage. What happened is that not long after Paul moved on to another community, a group of interlopers, who happened to be Christians of Jewish heritage—Paul calls them Judaizers—came in an began to disrupt the community. They told the Galatian Christians that since Jesus and his original band of followers were Jews, to be true followers, they too would have to follow Jewish Law and all its practices. Paul got wind of it all and wrote this emotionally charged letter, admonishing them for being so easily carried astray, and rallying against the interlopers who had created the disruption by preaching a different Jesus.

He told them that as followers of Jesus, they are free from the yoke of the Law, because salvation came to them through Jesus, rather than the works of the Law. They’d already been given the gift of salvation. Instead, their task was therefore to receive that salvation through their choosing to live like Jesus. And therein lay their true human freedom—to exercise their will in conformity to Jesus’ call or not.

In the context of national freedom, we tend think of being freed from something. But in fact, St. Paul would want us to understand that human freedom means that we are freed for something. Our Catechism says it this way: “Freedom is the power, rooted in reason and will, to act or not to act, to do this or that, and so to perform deliberate actions on one's own responsibility. By free will one shapes one's own life. Human freedom is a force for growth and maturity in truth and goodness; it attains its perfection when directed toward God, our beatitude” (CCC, 1731). How different out lives, our families and our world would be if we truly exercised this freedom.

In thinking about this, I imagine the inside of an old dungeon-style prison. And as you look down the main corridor you can see the iron bars of each individual cell—those on the right, those on the left. Within each of those cells, though out of view, are prisoners, sitting within, motionless and silent, having lost hope of being freed.

But at some point, somebody entered the prison and had keys for every cell. He went through the entire prison, motioning the prisoners out, as he unlocked and opened each cell’s door. We would expect the prisoners to run out as fast as they could. But instead, they simply remain within, sitting on the floor, with their backs against the cold cinder-block wall, perhaps believing the task of getting up and leaving to be too much trouble; fearing the unknown of what freedom would bring; and fearing the loss of the familiarity of their cell.

We have been given freedom to live according to something great and beautiful, a higher ideal. And the more we free ourselves of the things that have nothing to do with the One who gave us freedom, the freer we become to ascend toward that higher ideal. Ironically, in our freedom we choose so many things that shackle and limit us—fear and hopelessness keep us in our cells. Jesus wants us to be free, saying, “Follow me”. The more we exercise our will and follow, the freer we become. As we ask God’s blessing on our beloved nation and its people, and celebrate the freedoms we enjoy as Americans, may we ultimately be freed from anything that would yoke us, that we might ultimately be freed for Jesus and the salvation he won for us.

8th Sunday in Ordinary Time - Finding God in the Living Word

Why have Catholics traditionally been regarded as being biblically ignorant? You could blame it on the Church, and what has been declared historically about popes and bishops, who in a desire to control people, kept the Sacred Scriptures in Latin, preventing them from developing their own interpretation. You could blame it on our attention to sacred Tradition, saying it dilutes our focus on the Scriptures. While a person who lived prior to the 20th century could have offered these reasons, they don’t hold water for us today.

You might also say that the Scriptures are too hard to understand—that it’s hard to get past what seems like outmoded thinking and an angry, punitive God, and thus it’s hard to find personal meaning in it. But in a parish that has formed.org, regular Bible study groups, and Gospel reflection groups—these ways to dig in and make better sense of it—that doesn’t hold water either.

The Scriptures do have meaning, even for us of this time and culture. But it requires that we engage them. For too many of us, the only time we engage the Scriptures is that fleeting and fragile moment when they are proclaimed from this ambo. And the odds of it being received and taking root are rather slim.

 I remember Matthew Kelly pondering an encounter with God after death:

GOD: “So how was it down there on earth?”

YOU/ME: “Pretty nice, thank you.”

GOD: “Did you enjoy the weather? The food?”

YOU/ME: “Yes, that was nice too, thank you.”

GOD: “Did you read any good books while you were there.....maybe for instance, My Book?”

YOU/ME: “Uh….for about five minutes….a few times….actually, only twice….I always intended to, but just never got around to it”.

GOD: “You know, I’ve only got one Book….one! It’s not like I’m coming out with a new sequel ever six months. Just one!”

Figure it out. Yes, you might have to let go of something in order to fit it into the schedule. But can you imagine saying to God, “I wanted to read it, but that would have meant I got way behind on this series I’ve been watching on Netflix or Hulu. You understand that, right?”

A couple weeks from now we are going to have a parish mission with Dr. John Bergsma. He’s a renowned and highly regarded biblical scholar. You may know, he formerly was a pastor of a Dutch Calvinist church, who found his way to Catholicism through the Bible. Learned in Hebrew, Greek and even Latin, he teaches at Franciscan University in Steubenville, Ohio. I’ve read a couple of excellent books by him, which I’ve posted on the TV monitor, in case you want to look into them. I also cited an audio lecture that you can listen to through formed.org. I’m grateful for all the work Jill Carr went to, to arrange his coming. You deserve something like this, so I believe it’s a worthy investment. See the schedule. In a nutshell:

  • Beginning on Saturday morning, March 16, there’s a 3-hour workshop on strengthening families. Maybe our families don’t need help. They’re all built on solid rock, with no troubles or unresolved questions. Maybe not. (see details for childcare)

  • Then on Sunday evening after Mass, a talk on understanding the cohesion of science and a Divine Creator.

  • On Monday evening, a talk about growing in personal holiness.

  • Finally, on Tuesday evening, spiritual warfare through the grace of our Sacraments.

Block out your calendar for this. This is truly a rare opportunity. Do it for those entrusted to you, including your own soul. YOU CAN FIND OUT MORE HERE.

Ultimately, it’s in engaging these things—the grace of the sacraments, connections with those of the community of faith, but also the living Word of the Sacred Scriptures—that we slowly come to discover God more deeply—the God who is within us, even if unrecognized, the God who desires to come to life within us. In all this we come to also understand who we are and our purpose. We discover how we are to grow in holiness, how to temper and purify our desires, how to reflect the love of Jesus, and how to deal with the inevitable suffering that finds us and our loved ones.

I think of the words of St. Augustine, who searched here, there and everywhere for truth and meaning, before eventually losing himself in God’s beauty. He said it this way: “Urged to reflect upon myself, I entered under your guidance into the inmost depth of my soul…On entering into myself I saw….your immutable light. It was not ordinary light….”

Late have I loved you, O Beauty ever ancient, ever new, late have I loved you! You were within me, but I was outside, and it was there that I searched for you. In my unloveliness I plunged into the lovely things which you created. You were with me, but I was not with you….You called, you shouted, and you broke through my deafness. You flashed, you shone, and you dispelled my blindness. You breathed your fragrance on me; I drew in breath…. now I hunger and thirst for more. You touched me, and I burn for your peace” (the Confessions, Lib. 7, 10, 18; 10, 27: CSEL 33, 157-163, 255).

Our Lord is waiting to be discovered and known by you. What’s going to get in the way? Or will you take the step He’s calling you to make?

6th Sunday in Ordinary Time - Beatitudes

Today we hear St. Luke’s version of the Beatitudes. Among the ways they differ from St. Matthew’s (Ch 5:3-12), as I’ve heard it suggested, is that Matthew spiritualizes these states of blessedness, as interior dispositions: Blessed are the poor in spirit…..those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, etc. Whereas, for St. Luke, Jesus is addressing a material reality: Blessed are you who are poor….you who are hungry. As people who are body and soul, both sets of Beatitudes have meaning for us in this lifetime.

These Beatitudes reflect what I think of as Jesus’ upside-down logic. In nearly everything he does, he’s trying to point us to something beyond our present reality—to the Kingdom, where the realities of this world are turned upside-down. Those who have it all here, will be without there, and vice versa. Those who have it easy here, will have it hard there, and vice versa.

Of course, we see this upside-down logic in Jesus himself: the One through whom all material things of this world were created, who lived detached from possessions; the One who came so that we might have life and have it abundantly, gave up his life; the One who said, “whoever wishes to save his life will lose it” (Lk 9:24).

Jesus intended to bring that upside-down logic of the Beatitudes through his words and his actions. But he also did by establishing a movement, a Church. It began with the Twelve he chose, but beyond that a larger band of followers, a movement.

The Church hasn’t always done this well. As it aspires to be an instrument of the coming Kingdom, it’s comprised of people of this world. And so we’ve had Church leaders at times, who have been at times misguided, weak, sinful and scandalous, including the recently laicized Cardinal Theodore McCarrick. And yet here we remain, 2000 years later. How is that? Why didn’t it die?

One way of understanding what has kept us together and has helped us to live the Beatitudes, in whatever way we’ve succeeded, is that it’s driven by the spirit of Jesus that has worked through Peter and his successors. As we celebrate later this week, the feast day of the Chair of Peter (Feb 22), I think of Jesus’ words to Simon Peter (and here I paraphrase): Simon, Simon, behold Satan is going to try to derail you, but I have prayed that your own faith may not fail; and you must strengthen your brothers (Lk 22:32).

You may know the word chair or seat in Latin is cathedra—from which we get the word cathedral. In the early centuries of Christianity, a wooden chair was on display, said to have been the chair on which Peter sat upon as head of the Church. Over time the chair decayed and deteriorated, but in the 9th century, craftsmen fortified it to endure.

Most all of us have at least seen images of the interior of St. Peter’s Basilica. At the far, opposite end from the main doors is the apse. In that high-altar, created by artist, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, around the year 1650, what one first notices there is the beautiful stained-glass window, variations of yellow and orange, with the Holy Spirit in the center. Immediately around the window, like a frame, are clouds and rays of light, cast from bronze, seeming to spill forth.

Beneath the stained-glass image one sees what looks like a giant chair. Despite its appearance, it’s not a chair; it’s a reliquary that houses the aforementioned Chair of Peter.

Immediately above the reliquary-chair are two bronze angels, each holding a key and together holding a crown over the empty chair. Around the base of the reliquary-chair are four cast-bronze figures, doctors of the Church (Ambrose, Augustine, Athanasius, and John Chrysostom). An optical illusion of sorts, the Chair of Peter appears to be floating between heaven and earth: a powerful image of the Church, both human and divine; neither entirely of earth, nor entirely of heaven.

In whatever way we continue to proclaim the Beatitudes, or gather to hear them proclaimed, and even more, that we carry them out, in their upside-down logic—advancing God’s Kingdom—it’s at least in part due to the prayer of Jesus for Peter and his successors.

May God bless our current pope and those that follow, that they may help us to truly be a Church for the poor, the hungry, the sorrowful, and those persecuted for their Christian faith—a Church of the Beatitudes and Jesus’ upside-down logic. Let us pray that from the Holy Spirit, so beautifully imaged by Bernini, our pope continues to receive strength, wisdom, courage, and love, necessary for so great a task.

An English Catholic priest named Ronald Knox (D. 1957) once said:

“Perhaps it would be a good thing if every Christian, certainly if every priest, could dream once in his life that he were pope, and wake from that nightmare in a sweat of agony”.

5th Sunday in Ordinary Time - Theophany - Heavenly Vision

Isaiah received his call from God about 740 years before the birth of Jesus. What we hear today is not his first calling, but the beginning of a new phase of his prophetic ministry. It’s extraordinary to hear this event described: he had what is called a theophany—a vision of heaven. The angels uttered those words we say or sing at every Mass: “Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts! All the earth is filled with his glory!” But given that those words of the angels, from that heavenly setting are the same words we use here at Mass, we should understand that as we sing those words, that we are actually entering that angelic court seen by Isaiah, in which our God Most High, is surrounded by adoring angels. Those two realities become one in that moment.

Coming to grasp God’s holiness, Isaiah began to fear, believing that seeing this God so holy, it would end his life, because he knew he was a not always a man pure of heart. But God wished to make him holy. So an angel brought a burning coal from the incense and touched it to Isaiah’s lips, not for the purpose of inflicting pain, but instead to render him pure.

As an aside, there’s a short, silent prayer that the priest makes as he bows before the altar, on his way to the ambo, to proclaim the Gospel. He says,

“Cleanse my heart and my lips, almighty God, that I may worthily proclaim your holy Gospel.”

In the old Roman Missal, before the changes in the Mass that followed the Second Vatican Council, the wording to this prayer made an explicit connection to Isaiah’s experience:

“Cleanse my heart and my lips, O God almighty, Who didst cleanse the lips of the Prophet Isaias with a burning coal; and vouchsafe through Thy gracious mercy, so to purify me that I may worthily proclaim Thy holy Gospel.”

I know it gets lost on us—myself included—but all these references to the experience of the heavenly court are not arbitrarily referenced in this experience that we call the Mass. Because the liturgy is designed to take our senses heavenward. In all the ways we can make it so much about us—whether it’s the hymns we sing or just our state of mind—it falls short of what it’s supposed to do for us. While we are God’s beloved, our worship shouldn’t be primarily about us or trying to make God like us.

As you’ve heard me say, for all the good things that came with the changes in the liturgy after the Second Vatican Council, the danger in it is that it perhaps brought a tendency to make it more about affirming ourselves, rather than impelling us to transcend beyond ourselves.

But what risked being lost was a way of worship that more clearly moved us into the mystery—the mystery that Isaiah experienced in his heavenly vision.

I remind us of how our altar was anointed with the Sacred Chrism on the occasion of its dedication (December 20, 2014), and how the oil remained on its top over the course of months, slowly being absorbed into the granite. It calls to mind the story of Jacob from the Hebrew Scriptures (Genesis 28). He was making a long trip alone and stopped to rest for the night, using a stone for a pillow. That night he had a dream, a vision. In his dream, he saw a stairway or ladder of some sort, connecting heaven and earth. Going up and down the stairway were angels, God’s messengers. God then spoke to Jacob and re-affirmed his familial and covenantal relationship with him.

The next morning when he awoke, Jacob realized that it was more than just a dream, he had really encountered God. He declared, this place is “the house of God, the gateway to heaven”. Which, by the way, are the exact words, boldly proclaimed in the mosaic on the floor, just inside our Cathedral’s great doors: Domus Dei Porta Coeli. Jacob took the stone that he had slept on, anointed it with oil and made it an altar of sorts. Our altar is that stairway, connecting this space with the heavenly court and this building is indeed a house of God, the gateway to heaven.

Furthermore, the bread and wine brought forward and placed on this altar—this gateway to heaven—don’t remain in that state. After we join our voices with the seraphim, singing “Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts”, we’ll pray the First Eucharistic Prayer, the Roman Canon, which asks our Lord:

“In humble prayer we ask you, almighty God, command that these gifts be borne by the hands of your holy Angel to your altar on high in the sight of your divine majesty, so that all of us, who through this participation at the altar receive the most holy Body and Blood of your Son, may be filled with every grace and heavenly blessing”.

Brothers and sisters, what we are in midst of right now is not just a church service. It is a heavenly mystery, active and alive, in the midst of which we are given heavenly food to nourish our souls. Let us look beyond just the here and now and see more than just each other. We are in the midst of angels and saints, God’s heavenly court. Let us desire to enter into that mystery, to discover God of Jacob, the God of Isaiah, our God.

3rd Sunday in Ordinary Time - Jesus, a Sign of Contradiction

At our parish Men’s Group yesterday, we discussed the different elements of this Gospel. It gives us a formal introduction to the Gospel of St. Luke, which we will be hearing from primarily in the Sundays of this liturgical year. Then it gives us Jesus’ very first appearance of his public ministry.

He showed up at a synagogue in his hometown of Nazareth. And as we heard, he spoke that beautiful proclamation of God’s justice: Good news for the poor, for the oppressed, for those who suffer. And as we’re told, the people looked at him and reveled in his words with what sounds like dumbfounded amazement.

That’s where today’s Gospel reading ends, but there’s more. If we continue reading, we learn that no sooner than they had expressed their praise and wonder at his powerful words, it all changed, when he began to tell them even more of God’s great plan of justice. The second part of his message was not well received. They went from being wow-ed to suddenly becoming so enraged that they intended to kill him.

It made me think of something that had been said about Jesus when he was only eight days old. You’ll recall, Mary and Joseph had gone to the Temple to dedicate him to God. There they encountered a mysterious man named Simeon, who took the baby Jesus in arms and told Mary:

“Behold, this child is destined for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be contradicted…” (Lk 2:27-25).

As our Catechism says it: “Many of Jesus' deeds and words constituted a ‘sign of contradiction’” (CCC, 575).

Jesus was indeed a sign of contradiction for the people of Nazareth, who marveled at him, but also wanted to harm him. And I think he can be for us too. Jesus comforts us, but perhaps he also makes us uneasy.

Yesterday morning I was asked to help at a nearby parish for children’s first confessions. It made me think of what I experience pretty much at any parish I go to for first confessions, including our own: that the children tend to want to go to their pastor for their confession, while the parents tend to want to confess to any priest but their pastor.

Most of the children are pretty care-free in that encounter with Jesus, but so often the parents are anxiety-filled, some of whom are grinding through their first confession in years. The children are coming with sins that are like cotton-balls, while the parents lumber forward with sins that may well feel like bowling balls.

By the way, kudos to those parents who witness to their children in doing that, because there are too many parents for whom Jesus isn’t even on their radar. But for all of us, for whom Jesus is part of the landscape, we know within that we shouldn’t have that fear of Jesus, or the life he calls us to—even though to live the way he demands is not necessarily easy or without sacrifice.

In whatever way Jesus is a sign of contradiction—bringing us comfort in some ways, but also causing us anxiety—it may well be that our anxiety is the result of the fact that we’re hearing his voice somewhere in the mix of all the noise, calling us, calling us to something more. And yet we don’t know how to answer that call, or we fear what it will demand of us. In that anxiety, like the town-folk of Nazareth, we may rather just be done with Jesus: Just go away. You’re disrupting the happiness I’ve made.

I remind us that our children don’t instinctively have that fear. If they develop it, they’re likely getting it from us. In that, we’re getting in their way, when in fact, our task is to lead them to Jesus, as we ourselves are trying to move toward him.

For whatever ways he causes us fear, trepidation, please know that he doesn’t want to cause that feeling, and actually, it’s not from him. He wants us to find and feel peace. Furthermore, that fear will remain unless we either drown him out and do away with him, or unless we start taking steps in the direction he’s calling us. Only then will he cease to be a sign of contradiction to us.

2nd Sunday in Ordinary Time (Am I, Your Mother, Not Here)

Fr. Jerry Burns and I celebrated Mass two days ago at the Basilica of Our lady of Guadalupe in Mexico City, as I do just about every year. If memory serves me correctly, it’s the second-most visited Christian site in the world. It’s positively vibrant with living faith.

 A Mass is celebrated every hour on the main altar of the basilica. One time we con-celebrated at one of those Masses. During the first reading, the principal-celebrant, a priest of the basilica, leaned over and asked me to proclaim the Gospel. I agreed, then said a quick prayer. The Alleluia music began, and I nervously processed to the ambo. The flood of lights obscured my ability to see the people in the pews, and the sound of my voice, echoing through the PA system was disorienting. I got through it fine, and there was a certain joy in it all, but ever since then, our preference has been to celebrate a private Mass in one of the many chapels that are in the balcony, above and behind the pews.

The chapels face toward the main altar, where hanging just above, is the beautiful image that appeared in 1531 on an apron made of cactus fibers, worn by an indigenous peasant named Juan Diego. Christian missionaries had come from the old world decades before, but had made little progress in drawing the people to Jesus. Inexplicably, after the apparition, everything changed: over the next seven years, eight million natives were drawn to life in Jesus through his mother[i].

In the humble image we know as Our Lady of Guadalupe, there are numerous mysterious and interesting details. One that tends to escape notice is the maternity band around the mid-section of Mary’s body: She appeared to the people of the New World, with the life of her Son within her. Mary never comes alone.

But back to the basilica: Outside, above the main doors, are the words:

No estoy aqui yo, que soy tu madre?”, meaning “Am I, your mother, not here?”

These are words Mary said to Juan Diego, to help him trust. By extension, they are words to us, inviting us in to come find her Son.

In today’s Gospel, she is the first person mentioned. At the wedding feast, a crisis has ensued, the wine has run dry. The mother of Jesus urges him to act and make it right. His response is curious, and might even seem a little bit jarring: “Woman, how does your concern affect me?”

While the title ‘woman’ was a common way of addressing women of that time, it was not used for one’s own mother. I’ve heard it suggested that Jesus calling her woman suggests a change in Mary’s role in God’s plan of salvation. It reveals that she went from being just his mother, to becoming also his first disciple. Unfazed by being called “woman” by her Son, Mary promptly acted as a disciple, immediately telling the servers, “Do whatever he tells you”. In obedience to Mary, the first disciple, the servers did what Jesus instructed, and from that, water became wine.

Wine was understood to be a symbol for joy. I remind you that, in the Gospel of John, this was Jesus’ first miracle. But St. John doesn’t call them miracles, he calls them signs, and there would be a total of seven. He calls them signs, because they are principally done to reveal Jesus’ identity. This sign was intended to reveal that Jesus came to bring joy through a marriage with humankind—or as he says it in another part of John’s Gospel: “I came so that they might have life and have it more abundantly” (Jn 10:10). The water symbolized the human condition, but Jesus came to divinize it, to elevate it, to change it into wine. And Mary says, Let him do it….”Do whatever he tells you”.

She is mentioned only twice in St. John’s Gospel, once at the beginning and once at the end, but never by name, only as “the mother of Jesus”. In this first mention, as we heard it today, she went from being Jesus’ mother to disciple. In the last mention, at the foot of the cross, where Jesus saw the Beloved Disciple, whom theologians suggest represents us all. To him—and by extension, us—Jesus said, “Behold, your mother” (Jn 19: 25-27). Mary went from being Jesus’ mother, to disciple, and now…..our mother.

I urge you, in whatever way you’ve cast aside our Blessed Mother, perhaps as a way to avoid what has sometimes been called Mary-olatry, or maybe believe it to be piety of a bygone era, reconsider. If you want to know Jesus, get to know his mom, the first disciple, our mother. Just as she interceded to Jesus on behalf of humanity, urging him to bring joy, to elevate us, so will she intercede for you. Yes, you can ask our Lord directly, but what would you also ask our mother, to urge her Son on your behalf? She says to you: “No estoy aqui yo, que soy tu madre?”….“Am I, your mother, not here?”

Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God….

….that we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.


[i] Elizondo, La Morenita: Evangelizer of the Americas, 50-86, 105-121.